As the "industrial master machine" for polymer polymer molding, during the "11th Five-Year Plan" period, China's plastic machinery industry has remained stable in the face of the complex and changing economic environment at home and abroad, and the adverse impact of India on China's injection molding machine anti-dumping. Faster growth.
Qian Yaoen, vice chairman of the China Plastic Machinery Industry Association, said in an interview with reporters in Beijing recently that since the beginning of the 21st century, China's plastic machinery industry has continued to develop rapidly and is one of the fastest-growing industries in the country. Ranked in the forefront of the national machinery industry. As of 2009, China's plastic machinery production output has ranked first in the world for nine consecutive years, becoming the world's largest plastic machinery production, consumption and export country.
Rapid expansion of application fields
"Without the polymer materials represented by plastics, today's highly civilized life and the rapid development of high technology will not exist." According to Qian Yaoen, plastic machinery has been widely used in various industries of the national economy and in various areas of people's life. Application has become a new type of structural material side by side with metal, wood and cement, and plays an irreplaceable role in the other three major materials.
According to Su Dongping, Secretary General of the China Plastic Machinery Industry Association, all plastic raw materials need to be processed by plastic machinery and molds before they can be molded into products. Therefore, plastic machinery is not only the main technical equipment of the plastic industry, but also aerospace, defense , Petrochemical, electronics, optoelectronic communication, biomedical, new energy, building materials, packaging, electrical appliances, automobiles and transportation, agriculture, light industry and other industries indispensable equipment.
With the rapid development of science and technology, as well as the general trend of circular economy and new industrialization, plastics, an important resource-saving material, will further expand the scope of application in various industries of the national economy. Qian Yaoen gave examples of new applications of foam plastics in energy saving and environmental protection of buildings, new applications of bioplastics in medical devices, artificial organs, etc., and the application of new special engineering plastics in aerospace and other fields such as high temperature and high strength occasions. , Make the plastic machinery industry development space more broad.
Data show that China ’s per capita consumption of plastic products in 2005 was 29.5 kg, and in 2008 it reached 46 kg, a rapid increase. But as early as 2005, the per capita annual plastic consumption of the United States, Belgium, and Germany reached 171. Kg, 169 kg, and 155 kg, the gap between China and the above-mentioned countries is more than three times. Therefore, the market demand of China's plastic products and plastic machinery will continue to grow, and there is a lot of room for development.
Vigorous enhancement of movement
Qian Yaoen told reporters that plastic machinery, as the working machine of modern manufacturing, is widely used in various industries and has a strong driving force for other industries.
It is reported that in the past three years, the total output value of China's plastic machinery has reached 80.664 billion yuan, which not only directly led the plastic processing industry to create a total output value of more than 3 trillion yuan, but also promoted the sustained and rapid development of various industries. Economic benefits speak for themselves.
Since the beginning of the 21st century, China's plastic machinery industry has achieved leapfrog development. In 2001, the total industrial output value was 8.16 billion yuan, and by the end of 2005 it had reached 18.873 billion yuan, 2.3 times that in 2001. During the "Eleventh Five-Year Plan" period, the industry economy maintained a rapid development momentum. By 2009, the total industrial output value had risen to 25.848 billion yuan, about 3.2 times that of 2001. At the same time, economic indicators such as total industry sales, total exports, total profits, and total assets have all improved significantly.
Steady development of industrial clusters
After more than 50 years of development, China's plastic machinery industry has initially formed a relatively concentrated production cluster. It is mainly distributed in the three regions of the Bohai Rim, the Yangtze River Delta and the Pearl River Delta.
The Bohai Rim region is mainly Tianjin, Beijing, Liaoning, Dalian, Shandong, Qingdao, Jinan and other regions. According to the regional economic characteristics, multiple industrial clusters with plastic extrusion and rubber plastic products as the main products have been formed. Therefore, plastic extrusion machinery And its related supporting products are relatively developed.
The Yangtze River Delta region is dominated by Shanghai, Nanjing, Zhangjiagang, Kunshan, Ningbo, Zhoushan, Wenzhou and other places. The plastic products industry is relatively developed, and there is a large demand for plastic machinery and a full range of products. At the same time, relatively characteristic industrial clusters have been formed, such as Nanjing, Zhangjiagang, Shanghai, etc., which are mainly plastic extruders; Ningbo area, which is mainly plastic injection molding machines, is known as "China's Plastic Machinery Capital" and Zhoushan is known as "China "Screw capital", plastic injection, extrusion, hollow, rotomolding machinery and other products in the Yangtze River Delta region have certain advantages at home and abroad.
The Pearl River Delta has now formed a number of injection, extrusion, and die-casting production bases with independent research and development capabilities and production scales, and has promoted the rapid development of related basic parts processing and supporting markets in the region. Modern plastic machinery and equipment manufacturing industry cluster.
Increasing scientific and technological strength
Qian Yaoen told reporters that under the impetus of reform and opening up, the scientific and technological strength of China's plastic machinery industry has undergone historic changes. At present, the press industry has more than 2,000 scientific researchers. The China Plastics Machinery Industry Association also established an industry expert committee in 2008, hiring a group of industry experts, and creating a team of technology-leading talents that combines production, education and research.
It is reported that more than 10 colleges and universities in the country have set up a major in plastic molding machinery and generally have a master's degree. Among them, two key universities have established doctoral programs. There are 3 national professional research centers-National Engineering Research Center for New Polymer Molding Equipment, Plastic Machinery Technology Development Center, National Engineering Research Center for Rubber Molds, 4 National Enterprise Technology Centers, Provincial and Ministry-level Key Laboratories and Engineering There are 1 research center, 16 provincial-level enterprise technology centers, 38 municipal-level enterprise technology centers, and 6 post-doctoral workstations. There are 1 national first batch of innovative enterprises, and 3 provincial and municipal innovation enterprises pilot units.
It is worth mentioning that with the enhancement of the industry's scientific and technological strength, the gap between the technical level of China's plastic machinery industry and developed countries is getting smaller and smaller, and some products have reached the world advanced level, and some technologies and products are at the forefront of the world. .
For example, the South China University of Technology's Polymer New Molding Equipment National Engineering Research Center for Polymer Plastics Dynamic Plasticization Processing Methods and Equipment has revolutionized the world's plasticization theory and practice, and has won more than a dozen western developed countries. Patent. Recently, the center has invented the technology and equipment of polymer material plasticization processing based on tensile rheology, which is another major innovation in the field of polymer material plasticization processing and plastic machinery at home and abroad.
The 200,000 t / year large-scale extrusion granulation unit jointly developed by Beijing University of Chemical Technology and Dalian Rubber and Plastic Machinery Co., Ltd. has broken the decades-long technical blockade of developed countries against China, making China's level of design and manufacturing of such equipment Ranked among the top in the world; The precision injection molding machine jointly developed by Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Zhejiang University and Ningbo Haitian Group has greatly improved the market share of domestic precision injection molding machines and the competitiveness of China's injection molding machines in the international market; Extrusion equipment has been successfully applied in the production of automotive fuel pipes, automotive hydraulic pipes, medical catheters and other products, reaching the advanced level of similar international equipment.
During the "Eleventh Five-Year Plan" period, the industry's product structure has been continuously optimized. Not only has it independently developed a number of large, precise, complex, high-tech new products, such as servo-driven injection molding machines, large hollow molding machines, and wood-plastic cones. -Shaped twin-screw extrusion equipment, mining double-pull and double-resistance plastic grid production line, 35kV dry-crosslinked cable production line, biaxially stretched battery film production line, multilayer composite film production line, large-diameter double-wall corrugated pipe production line, and large-caliber steel Quality anticorrosion (3PE) drag reduction (resin) internal and external composite pipe production equipment have reached the international advanced level in the same period.
Qian Yaoen told reporters that China's plastics machinery industry has also cultivated a number of well-known domestic and foreign famous brand products. At present, the industry has 3 Chinese famous brand products and 1 Chinese well-known trademark.
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